A new variable in the Climate Change formula?
A new variable in the Climate Change formula?
Scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have discovered a key element of the climate science behind global warming… water vapor. Water vapor has long played a part in the formula for climate modeling. In fact water vapor is considered to be one of the most prevalent greenhouse effect creating emissions. The difference provided by this report is the importance of where water vapor was and is located. Previous climate modeling measured and accounted for the water vapor that appeared near the Earth’s surface, the water vapor discovered by the NOAA is at the outer edge of the atmosphere in the stratosphere.
The report states that water vapor in the stratosphere has decreased by nearly 10% since the year 2000. This may explain why the rate of global warming attributed to water vapor started to decrease during that same time. The NOAA scientists are not sure what the precise variables are that create changes in the amount of water vapor present in the stratosphere, however this is a key find that could help climate scientists with future climate modeling and predictions as well as understanding the affects of water vapor and other directly introduced to the upper atmosphere particles on global warming and cooling.
Singapore: A leader in creating greener industry
Singapore is unlike any other Asian city in that this tiny republic has managed to maximize every potential financial opportunity that has been presented to it since the end of World War II. Few people are aware if it but Singapore is now the fourth largest financial trading center in the world. They follow only London, New York and Tokyo. Since 1997 economic growth of this island nation located at the tip of the Malay peninsula has exploded. The reason for this is simple. When the British returned Hong Kong to China after their 99 year lease ran out in 1997, Many ex-pats looked for a convenient Asian trading post with a stable government. Enter Singapore with its pro UK recent past. Until 1965, the republic was another centre of the British Empire.
Singapore is geographically small. The total area of the city state numbers just 271 square miles. The country is comprised of 63 individual islands. 25% of the gross national product of Singapore comes from refining of raw materials. Another 25% is derived from transport and brokerage of same. All of this industrialization has not come without an ecological price. 100 years ago 90% of the land of Singapore was rain forest. That number plummeted to less than 15% before reforestation measures restored the rain forest to almost 25% of the usable land.
Singapore has become one of, if not the most, technologically advanced nations of the world. They lead the world in implementation of cutting edge clean technologies. A shining example of this is Singapore’s new Clean Tech Industrial Park. As part of a grand plan to achieve energy efficiency and total sustainability the government’s economic development board has partnered with the local corporate community to set up a Green Development area. Not only is the project location itself setup for minimum eco-impact and maximum sustainability, but the work within the park is all focused upon development of clean tech solutions. It is the plan of the government of Singapore to lead the world in this area. Situated on 50 hectares of land the project, to be completed by 2030 will accommodate 20,000 workers. Emphasis on the development in placed on minimizing the office and industrial impact on the land. Simple ideas such as implementation of underground parking and passive lighting are blended with high tech solar power installations. Land optimization seems to be the central theme as all buildings are designed to return more of the original rain forest to the island.
Singapore is a unique South Pacific weigh station in that it prospers as the ultimate global corporate middleman. This new industrial park will exist to develop sustainability technologies as well as incorporate them. The park streets will be lit exclusively with LEDS, the development of which having taken place in Singapore. The specific designs of these are then licensed for manufacture throughout the world. Rainwater is collected on the roofs of the massive office buildings. The system used for this gathering is further developed and marketed. Singapore became one of the wealthiest nations in the world by refining raw materials and exporting them around the word. Now they will likely pioneer the “Green age” by refining sustainability techniques and selling those ideas.